8/26/13 Musical Texture

Musical Texture: interweaving of musical lines

4 Types of Musical Texture:

  • Monophony: single melodic line, unaccompanied
  • Heterophony: multiple variations of a melody sounding simultaneously
  • Homophony: melody and accompaniment
    – including Homorhythm: same rhythm in all voices
  • Polyphony: multiple melodic lines sounding simultaneously
    – including imitation: round, canon, fugue

Examples

Monophony

“Kyrie” Gregorian Chant

J.S. Bach: Toccata in D minor

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National Anthem


Heterophony

“Old Hag” (Irish folk tune)

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The Fairfield Four: “Lonesome Valley” (From “O Brother, Where Art Thou” Soundtrack)

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Homophony

National Anthem

Franz Joseph Haydn: Surprise Symphony

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Homorhythm: Amazing Grace

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Polyphony

Tomas Luis de Victoria: Ave Maria

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Canon: Johann Pachelbel, Canon in D
Pachelbel-canon-colors

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Round: Row, Row, Row Your Boat

Fugue
J.S. Bach: Fugue in C minor


What texture or textures do you hear in this piece?

George Frideric Handel: Hallelujah Chorus

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