11/04/13 Organology and Guitars Around the World!

What is Organology?
– Not the study of pipe organs
– Not the study of heart, lungs, kidneys…
– The study of musical instruments! Structure, function, history, etc.

Musical instrument families found across cultures:
Chordophones: make sound by way of vibrating strings stretched between two points
Aerophones: produce sound by causing a body of air to vibrate
Membranophones: produce sound by way of a vibrating stretched membrane.
Idiophones: creates sound by way of the instrument’s vibrating, without the use of strings or membranes.

Instrument families of the Western classical orchestra:
-Strings
-Winds
-Brass
-Percussion

Examples of Chordophones:

Kora – West Africa 21 strings, tuned in scales

Pipa – China, 4 strings

Oud – Middle East
“According to Farabi, the oud was invented by Lamech, the sixth grandson of Adam”

Lute – European, 13 to 24 strings

Sitar – India, 18 to 20 strings

Balalaika – Russian, 3 strings

Ukulele- Hawaiian, 4 strings
Related to instruments taken to Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants

Guitar
– Classical – nylon strings

– Acoustic – nylon or steel strings

– Electric – steel strings with amplification

Cool and interesting chordophones at 101 Music store in San Francisco:

virgomusic's 101 Music Guitars San Francisco album on Photobucket

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