What is Organology?
– Not the study of pipe organs
– Not the study of heart, lungs, kidneys…
– The study of musical instruments! Structure, function, history, etc.
Musical instrument families found across cultures:
Chordophones: make sound by way of vibrating strings stretched between two points
Aerophones: produce sound by causing a body of air to vibrate
Membranophones: produce sound by way of a vibrating stretched membrane.
Idiophones: creates sound by way of the instrument’s vibrating, without the use of strings or membranes.
Instrument families of the Western classical orchestra:
Examples of Chordophones:
Kora – West Africa 21 strings, tuned in scales
Pipa – China, 4 strings
Oud – Middle East
“According to Farabi, the oud was invented by Lamech, the sixth grandson of Adam”
Lute – European, 13 to 24 strings
Sitar – India, 18 to 20 strings
Balalaika – Russian, 3 strings
Ukulele- Hawaiian, 4 strings
Related to instruments taken to Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants
– Classical – nylon strings
– Acoustic – nylon or steel strings
– Electric – steel strings with amplification
Cool and interesting chordophones at 101 Music store in San Francisco: