10/02/13 The Classical Period, Continued: Mozart and Sonata Form

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, 1756-1791, Austrian
– Child prodigy, played piano and violin, toured European courts with his father and sister
– Began composing at age 5
– Composed over 600 works symphonies, sonatas, operas, masses
– Freelance composer with constant financial difficulties
– Died at age 35, while composing his Requiem

Mozart: Dies Irae

Amadeus: partly fictionalized film about Mozart’s life and his rivalry with Italian composer Antonio Salieri

Sonata-allegro form (textbook p. 153)
– Standard form for the first movement of a sonata, symphony, concerto, or chamber work.

Sonata Form AB within ABA

Exposition
– Introduction (optional)
– First Theme, in tonic or home key
– Bridge: modulates to contrasting key
– Second Theme, in contrasting key
– Closing Theme, in contrasting key

Development
– Explores the themes from the exposition while cycling through different keys
– Begins in in contrasting key; eventually returns to home key

Recapitulation
– First Theme, in tonic or home key
– Bridge: remains in home key
– Second Theme, in home key
– Closing Theme, in home key
– Coda

Mozart – Serenade in G major, K. 525 ‘Eine kleine Nachtmusik’
Movement 1: Allegro


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