Some answers to “Music is…” that we can all pretty much agree on:
At the same time, music has meant different things at different times and places. What have we seen so far?
Simplicity <------> Complexity
Logic <------> Emotion
Time and place for everything
Serving a sacred purpose
Following the text
Increasing complexity: imitation, polyphony
Expressing meaning of the text: word painting
Tension between religious devotion and human expression
Drama: does it require simplicity or complexity? Or both?
What happens in the Classical period?
Order and Logic idealized: does it require simplicity or complexity? Or both?
Will there still be emotion?
Structure, balance, symmetry become important too.
Father of the Symphony
Father of the Chamber Music
Father of the String Quartet
Worked under the Patronage System
Theme and Variations: Can you hear how the melody reappears?