04/15/15 Review of Romantic Era Composers

– Quiz on Friday! It will cover material since the midterm. It will be open book/open note, but for short answer questions, do not copy sentences directly from your textbook!

Concert Invitation Update: Time Correction
“Berries ‘n’ Bells” Handbell choir performance
Friday, May 1, 7:30 pm (not 8 pm)
Mount Lebanon United Methodist Church
3319 W Liberty Ave, Pittsburgh, PA 15216
Admission is $8 and INCLUDES PIE
RSVP to Prof. K. by Monday April 27

Review for quiz:
The following sections of your book discuss the Romantic Era and the composers we’ve covered: chapter 27, Prelude 5, chapters 30, 31, 32, 34, 37, and 38.
– Refer to these chapters for biographical info on the composers.

Here is a word doc you can use to organize your information to bring for the quiz: Music 101 Composers for Quiz 2

Who am I?

– I organized a performance of a piece by J.S. Bach that hadn’t been performed since his death and was almost lost. As a result, interest in Bach’s music was renewed and has continued to this day. As for my own music, you’re likely to hear it at the end of a wedding ceremony.

– I had a long and successful career as a concert pianist, I was a composer, and I had 8 children. My dear husband was also a composer and pianist. Sadly, I outlived him by 40 years.

– I was born in Poland and moved to Paris as a young man. I wrote music for almost exclusively for the piano, my instrument. I was known for playing very beautifully, but I couldn’t play very loud because I suffered from poor health and was physically frail.

– I was a Hungarian-born pianist and composer known for my virtuosity as a performer. I had very devoted female fans who liked to collect objects I had touched.

– I was a pianist, but I practiced a little too hard and permanently injured my hands. Fortunately I had other skills — I was a composer and a music critic, and I founded a music magazine that is still published today.

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
– Transitional figure between Classical and Romantic eras
– Towering influence over every composer who came after
Franz Schubert (1797-1828)
– Known for his Lieder (songs for voice and piano), for example the scary song about the Elf King (but many love songs, too)
Fanny Mendelssohn (1805-1847, sister to Felix)
– Pianist, conductor, composer, wrote programmatic piano music
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847, brother to Fanny)
– Revived the music of J.S. Bach; pianist, conductor, composer, wrote the well-known wedding exit music and the tune for Hark the Herald Angels Sing
Robert Schumann (1810-1856, husband to Clara)
– Composer, pianist, writer, founded a journal of music criticism still published today
Clara Schumann (1819-1896, wife to Robert)
– Composer, pianist with a long, successful performing career; influenced the standard format of the modern piano recital
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
– Composer of music almost exclusively for piano, mostly single-movement pieces; pianist, known for soft, expressive playing
Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
– Composer for both solo piano and orchestra, pianist known for flashy performance style that inspired extreme devotion among his (especially female) fans.
Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901)
– Italian opera composer who was drawn to tragic stories and the plays of William Shakespeare. His operas were very successful during his lifetime.
– Richard Wagner (1813-1883)
German opera composer who developed the technique of using a melody or other musical fragment to represent a particular element of the story, such as a character or event. Very influential on film composers. He wrote a series of four operas, The Ring of the Nibelungen, based on Norse mythology.

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